In the 1500s violins were first created. During this period Cremona, Italy, was the center for violin production. Antonio Stradivari designed the modern violin, in the late 1600’s and early 1700’s. The tone can be effected by the type of wood that the violin is made from. The violin consists of 70 different pieces. These sections are made exactly to come together when glued. The chest is the term used for the hollow wooden container. The violinist moves the bow back and forth over four strings. With the other hand he or she stops the strings on the fingerboard.