A trumpet with out valves can date back as far as 2000 B.C. These early instruments were constructed from shells or bones. The modern trumpet is a treble brass instrument that consists of small-bore cylindrical tubing, a bell, cupped mouthpiece, and three piston valves. The piston valves enable the instrument to form the notes on a scale. They were created in 1818 by Heinrich Stolzel and Friedrich Bluhmel, German brass players.